IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, Vol.59, No.9, 2457-2462, 2014
Design of Optimal Sparse Interconnection Graphs for Synchronization of Oscillator Networks
We study the optimal design of a conductance network as a means for synchronizing a given set of oscillators. Synchronization is achieved when all oscillator voltages reach consensus, and performance is quantified by the mean-square deviation from the consensus value. We formulate optimization problems that address the tradeoff between synchronization performance and the number and strength of oscillator couplings. We promote the sparsity of the coupling network by penalizing the number of interconnection links. For identical oscillators, we establish convexity of the optimization problem and demonstrate that the design problem can be formulated as a semidefinite program. Finally, for special classes of oscillator networks we derive explicit analytical expressions for the optimal conductance values.