Heat Transfer Engineering, Vol.36, No.6, 582-595, 2015
Heat Transfer Correlations for Single-Phase Flow, Condensation, and Boiling in Microfin Tubes
Experimental single-phase, condensation and flow boiling heat transfer data from the literature and our previous studies were collected to evaluate existing heat transfer correlations for microfin tubes of different geometries. The Ravigururajan and Bergles correlation modified by using the hydraulic diameter proposed by Li etal. (2012) can predict single-phase heat transfer data relatively well. Among the four reviewed condensation heat transfer correlations, the Yu and Koyama (1998) correlation presents the best prediction. However, all the four condensation correlations are prone to overpredict the carbon dioxide data. For flow boiling in microfin tubes, the general semiempirical correlation developed by Wu etal. (2013), applicable for intermittent and annular flow patterns, is the most reliable predictive method among the five evaluated correlations. It can predict 90% of the overall 754 data points within a +/- 30% error band, with a mean absolute deviation and a standard deviation equal to 18.2% and 21.9%, respectively, covering pure halogenated refrigerants, near azeotropic refrigerant mixtures, and carbon dioxide with the following applicable range: fin root diameter 2.1 to 14.8mm, mass flux 100 to 800kg/m(2)s, heat flux 4.5 to 59 kW/m(2), and reduced pressure 0.07 to 0.7.