Current Applied Physics, Vol.14, No.12, 1677-1681, 2014
All-in-one-type organic light-emitting diodes for color tuning using phosphor in glasses with Pb-free silicate powders
We demonstrate all-in-one-type organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) that are fabricated using a color converting plate as a substrate. The color converting plate is Pb-free phosphor-in-glass (PiG), which is prepared by mixing Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ (YAG:Ce3+) and SiO2-B2O3-RO (R = Ba, Zn) glass frit by sintering at 750 degrees C for 30 min. The maximum luminance, luminance efficiency, and power efficiency of blue OLEDs fabricated on commercial glass are measured as 10500 cd/m(2), 10.18 cd/A, and 2.95 lm/W, respectively. The Commission Internationale de l'Eclairge (CIE) coordinates of blue OLEDs is (0.167, 0.325). Our obtained results show that the luminance value decreased as the PiG thickness increased, and the glass to phosphor (GTP) ratio decreased. The OLED devices fabricated on the PiG substrate (GTP ratio = 9:1, thickness: 150 mm) showed a maximum luminance, luminance efficiency, and power efficiency of 7600 cd/m(2), 8.76 cd/A, and 2.85 lm/W, respectively. The CIE color coordinates changed to (0.286, 0.504) at 200 mA/cm(2). These results proved that color coordination can be easily adjusted by varying the GTP ratio and the thickness of the PiG. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.