Catalysis Today, Vol.241, 15-24, 2015
Effects of heat and peroxide treatment on photocatalytic activity of titanate nanotubes
The influence of structural, morphological and surface properties on photocatalytic activity of pristine and modified titanate nanotubes was carefully described and discussed in the following study. Titanate nanotubes (TNTs) were prepared via alkaline hydrothermal synthesis route followed by acid washing at ambient conditions. The resulting high specific surface area nanotubular solids were further modified by two distinguished post-treatments: (i) heat-treatment in the temperature range from 300 to 700 degrees C, and (ii) peroxide-treatment at room temperature. Bisphenol A (BPA), a well-known endocrine disrupting compound (EDC), was selected as a testing molecule to evaluate the photodegradation potency of the modified TNTs. The resulting BPA and TOC removals confirmed that crystallinity and BET surface area of examined heat-treated solids play a crucial role in governing the photooxidation reaction. Regardingthe peroxide-treated TNTs, a nearly three-fold improvement in BPA removal was attained in comparison to the pristine TNTs, which can be attributed to the redox reaction of surface titanium(IV) peroxogroups. However, the exposure of anatase-based samples to the H(2)O(2)medium resulted in deteriorated photocatalytic oxidation of the model compound, due to recovery of surface Ti3+ defect sites, leading to increased e(-)-h(+) recombination and decreased oxygen adsorption. In addition, a carbon-based elemental analysis of the heat-treated TNTs (TNT 500) and standard TiO2 P25 stressed the potential of tailor-made crystalline TNTs to be applied as photocatalysts for long-term removal of aqueous organics, due to low accumulation of carbonaceous deposits during the photodegradation runs. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.