화학공학소재연구정보센터
Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol.93, No.3, 538-548, 2015
ADSORPTIVE DENITROGENATION AND DESULFURIZATION OF DIESEL USING ACTIVATED CARBONS OXIDIZED BY (NH4)(2)S2O8 UNDER MILD CONDITIONS
(NH4)(2)S2O8 solutions were applied to oxidize a wood-based activated carbon (AC) under different conditions. Oxidation decreases the specific surface area of AC samples but increases the oxygen functional groups. Carboxylic acid groups and ketone groups may facilitate the adsorption of nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S) compounds in light cycled oil (LCO). An appropriate adsorbent was determined as the oxidized carbon which shows high N removal from LCO. The resultant adsorbent, AC-(NH4)(2)S2O8-15%-1.5, exhibits higher adsorption capacities for N and S compounds than the original carbon in dynamic adsorption of a model diesel fuel. Carboxylic acid groups and lactone groups might favour quinoline adsorption. Carboxylic anhydride groups and phenolic groups are likely to improve the adsorption of indole, carbazole and dibenzothiophene (DBT). The thermodynamic and kinetic behaviours of AC-(NH4)(2)S2O8-15%-1.5 were investigated. The adsorption of carbazole on AC-(NH4)(2)S2O8-15%-1.5 follows the Langmuir model, while that of quinoline, indole and DBT follows the Freundlich model. All the adsorption processes are spontaneous, with the nature of adsorption for indole and carbazole endothermic, and that for quinoline and DBT exothermic. The adsorption of the N and S compounds in this study follows a pseudo second-order model. Intra-particle diffusion is one of the rate-controlled steps for N compounds.