Bioresource Technology, Vol.181, 13-17, 2015
Manganese oxide-modified biochars: Preparation, characterization, and sorption of arsenate and lead
This work explored two modification methods to improve biochar's ability to sorb arsenic (As) and lead (Pb). In one, pine wood feedstock was pyrolyzed in the presence of MnCl2 center dot 4H(2)O (MPB) and in the other it was impregnated with birnessite via precipitation following pyrolysis (BPB). The resulting biochars were characterized using thermogravimetry, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and energy-dispersive X-ray analyses. The dominant crystalline forms of Mn oxides in the MPB and BPB were manganosite and birnessite, respectively. Batch sorption studies were carried out to determine the kinetics and magnitude of As(V) and Pb(II) onto the biochars. As(V) and Pb(II) sorption capacities of MPB (0.59 and 4.91 g/kg) and BPB (0.91 and 47.05 g/kg) were significantly higher than that of the unmodified biochar (0.20 and 2.35 g/kg). BPB showed the highest sorption enhancement because of the strong As(V) and Pb(II) affinity of its birnessite particles. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.