화학공학소재연구정보센터
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.456, No.2, 605-609, 2015
Insulin prevents bone morphogenetic protein-4 induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis through activating Akt
Bone morphogenetic protein-4 (BMP4) mediates pathological cardiac hypertrophy. Insulin is well-known to promote cardiomyocyte survival in heart diseases. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effects of insulin on BMP4-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Cell viability and apoptosis were measured by using MU, live and dead staining, caspase-3 activity assays, and the protein expressions were measured by using western blot technique. Insulin did not elicit cardiomyocyte apoptosis, but antagonized BMP4-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Insulin treatment rapidly activated Akt which was inhibited by Akt inhibitor in cardiomyocytes. Furthermore, Akt inhibitor canceled the anti-apoptotic effects of insulin against BMP4 in cardiomyocytes. In conclusion, insulin prevents BMP4-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis and the underlying mechanisms include activation of Akt. The present work provides a novel mechanism of the protective effects of insulin in cardiovascular system. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.