Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.456, No.1, 298-304, 2015
RIPK3 regulates p62-LC3 complex formation via the caspase-8-dependent cleavage of p62
RIPK3 is a key molecule for necroptosis, initially characterized by necrotic cell death morphology and the activation of autophagy. Cell death and autophagic signaling are believed to tightly regulate each other. However, the associated recruitment of signaling proteins remains poorly understood. p62/sequestosome-1 is a selective autophagy substrate and a selective receptor for ubiquitinated proteins. In this study, we illustrated that both mouse and human RIPK3 mediate p62 cleavage and that RIPK3 interacts with p62, resulting in complex formation. In addition, RIPK3-dependent p62 cleavage is restricted by the inhibition of caspases, especially caspase-8. Moreover, overexpression of A20, a ubiquitin-editing enzyme and an inhibitor of caspase-8 activity, inhibits RIPK3-dependent p62 cleavage. To further investigate the potential role of RIPK3 in selective autophagy, we analyzed p62-LC3 complex formation, revealing that RIPK3 prevents the localization of LC3 and ubiquitinated proteins to the p62 complex. In addition, RIPK3-dependent p62-LC3 complex disruption is regulated by caspase inhibition. Taken together, these results demonstrated that RIPK3 interacts with p62 and regulates p62-LC3 complex formation. These findings suggested that RIPK3 serves as a negative regulator of selective autophagy and provides new insights into the mechanism by which RIPK3 regulates autophagic signaling. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.