Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.451, No.4, 637-643, 2014
LOX-1-dependent mitochondrial DNA damage and NLRP3 activation during systemic inflammation in mice
Background: Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein scavenger receptor-1 (LOX-1) is known to be involved in many pathophysiological events, such as inflammation. Methods: To clarify the role of LOX-1 in mtDNA damage and NLRP3 inflammasome activation, we studied wild-type (WT) and LOX-1 knockout (KO) mice given thioglycollate, an inflammatory stimulus. Results: We observed intense inflammatory response (CD45 and CD68 expression) and mtDNA damage in spleen and kidneys of WT mice given thioglycollate. The abrogation of LOX-1 (use of LOX-1 knockout mice) reduced the inflammatory response as well as mtDNA damage (P < 0.05 vs. WT mice). We also observed that mice with LOX-1 deletion had markedly reduced expression of caspase-1 (P10 and P20 subunits) as well as cleaved IL-1 beta and IL-18. These mice also had much less mtDNA damage and only limited NLRP3 inflammasome expression. Conclusions: These in vivo observations indicate that LOX-1 plays a key role in mtDNA damage which then leads to NLRP3 inflammasome activation during inflammation. Published by Elsevier Inc.