Automatica, Vol.50, No.11, 2813-2821, 2014
Establishing robust stability of discrete-time systems with time-varying uncertainty: The Gram-SOS approach
This paper addresses the problem of establishing robust asymptotical stability of discrete-time linear systems polynomially affected by time-varying uncertainty confined into a polytope. A linear matrix inequality (LMI) condition for establishing robust asymptotical stability is proposed by introducing a novel approach for establishing the existence of a common homogeneous polynomial Lyapunov function (HPLF). This approach consists, firstly, of introducing a Gram matrix built with respect to the state and parametrized by an arbitrary vector function of the uncertainty, and secondly, of requiring that a transformation of the introduced Gram matrix is a sum of squares (SOS) of matrix polynomials. The approach, hence, is referred to as a Gram-SOS approach. It is shown that the proposed LMI condition is sufficient for any degree of the HPLF candidate, that includes quadratic robust stability as a special case, and that is also necessary for a sufficiently large degree of the HPLF candidate. Numerical examples also show that the proposed LMI condition can outperform alternative ones in terms of conservatism and computational burden. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.