Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vol.174, No.6, 2295-2306, 2014
Paraplantaricin L-ZB1, a Novel Bacteriocin and Its Application as a Biopreservative Agent on Quality and Shelf Life of Rainbow Trout Fillets Stored at 4 A degrees C
Paraplantaricin L-ZB1 was produced by Lactobacillus paraplantarum L-ZB1, which was isolated from the traditional China fermented sausage. In this work, paraplantaricin L-ZB1 was used to maintain quality of rainbow trout fillets at 4 A degrees C. Rainbow trout fillets were left untreated (CK) or treated with 200 activity units (AU)/ml paraplantaricin L-ZB1 (P1), 400 AU/ml paraplantaricin L-ZB1 (P2) or 200 AU/ml Nisin (N). The treated samples were stored at 4 A degrees C for up to 10 days, and the quality changes were determined by microbiological (total viable count [TVC], Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas, spore-forming bacteria), sensory, chemical (pH, total volatile basic nitrogen [TVB-N]) and biochemical (biogenic amines, K value) methods. Results show that paraplantaricin L-ZB1 could inhibit the growth of microflora, especially Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas and spore-forming bacteria during sample storage. Meanwhile, the increases of pH, TVB-N, K value and biogenic amine levels were significantly delayed in paraplantaricin L-ZB1-treated samples compared to the control group. Paraplantaricin L-ZB1 of 400 AU/ml extended the rainbow trout fillets' shelf life to 4-6 days, and the sample showed good sensory characteristics. Therefore, paraplantaricin L-ZB1 could be used as a suitable biological preservative for chilled rainbow trout fillets.