화학공학소재연구정보센터
AIChE Journal, Vol.61, No.3, 857-866, 2015
Pyrolysis of Heavy Oil in the Presence of Supercritical Water: The Reaction Kinetics in Different Phases
In the presence of supercritical water (SCW) and N-2, the pyrolysis of heavy oil was investigated to distinguish the difference in the reaction kinetics between the upgrading in the SCW and oil phases. The pyrolysis in the SCW phase is faster than that in the oil phase, but the reaction in whichever phase is retarded by vigorous stirring. The pyrolysis can be preferably described by a four-lump kinetic model consisting of the condensation of maltenes and asphaltenes in series. In the SCW phase, highly dispersed asphaltenes are isolated by water clusters from maltenes dissolved in SCW surroundings, by which the condensation of asphaltenes is drastically accelerated. Benefited from excellent mass transfer environments in SCW, the condensation of maltenes is promoted simultaneously. The introduction of SCW into the pyrolysis of heavy oil results in an effectively increased upgrading efficiency, but its influence on the properties of equilibrium liquid products is minor. (c) 2014 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 61: 857-866, 2015