화학공학소재연구정보센터
Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.25, No.6, 1793-1799, 2014
Effect of ball milling on the physical and mechanical properties of the nanostructured Co-Cr-Mo powders
In the present study, Co-based machining chips (P1) and Co-based atomized alloy (P2) has been processed through planetary ball mill in order to obtain nanostructured materials and also to comprise some their physical and mechanical properties. The processed powders were investigated by X-ray diffraction technique in order to determine several microstructure parameters including phase fractions, the crystallite size and dislocation density. In addition, hardness and morphological changes of the powders were investigated by scanning electron microscopy and microhardness measurements. The results revealed that with increasing milling time, the FCC phase peaks gradually disappeared indicating the FCC to HCP phase transformation. The P1 powder has a lower value of the crystallite size and higher degree of dislocation density and microhardness than that of the P2 powder. The morphological and particle size investigation showed the role of initial HCP phase and chemical composition on the final processed powders. In addition results showed that in the first step of milling the crystallite size for two powders reach to a nanometer size and after 12 h of milling the crystallite size decreases to approximately 27 and 33 nm for P1 and P2 powders, respectively. (C) 2014 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.