화학공학소재연구정보센터
Korean Journal of Materials Research, Vol.24, No.5, 243-248, May, 2014
마그네슘열환원법을 이용한 실리콘-탄소 복합재 제조 및 리튬이차전지 음극재로의 이용
Preparation of Silicon-Carbon Composite via Magnesiothermic Reduction Method and Its Application to the Anode Material for Lithium Ion Battery
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Silicon-carbon composite was prepared by the magnesiothermic reduction of mesoporous silica and subsequent impregnation with a carbon precursor. This was applied for use as an anode material for high-performance lithium-ion batteries. Well-ordered mesoporous silica(SBA-15) was employed as a starting material for the mesoporous silicon, and sucrose was used as a carbon source. It was found that complete removal of by-products (Mg2Si and Mg2SiO4) formed by side reactions of silica and magnesium during the magnesiothermic reduction, was a crucial factor for successful formation of mesoporous silicon. Successful formation of the silicon carbon composite was well confirmed by appropriate characterization tools (e.g., N2 adsorption-desorption, small-angle X-ray scattering, X-ray diffraction, and thermogravimetric analyses). A lithium-ion battery was fabricated using the prepared silicon-carbon composite as the anode, and lithium foil as the counter-electrode. Electrochemical analysis revealed that the silicon-carbon composite showed better cycling stability than graphite, when used as the anode in the lithium-ion battery. This improvement could be due to the fact that carbon efficiently suppressed the change in volume of the silicon material caused by the charge-discharge cycle. This indicates that silicon-carbon composite, prepared via the magnesiothermic reduction and impregnation methods, could be an efficient anode material for lithium ion batteries.
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