Thermochimica Acta, Vol.569, 8-16, 2013
Synthesis, thermal behavior and spectroscopic study of trivalent lanthanide and yttrium(III) alpha-hydroxyisobutyrates, in solid state
Thermal and spectroscopic studies on solid trivalent lanthanides and yttrium(III)a-hydroxyisobutyrates, Ln(C4H7O3)(3) n.H2O were investigated employing simultaneous thermogravimetry and differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA), elemental analysis, X-ray diffractometry, complexometry, experimental and theoretical infrared spectroscopy and TG-DSC coupled to FTIR. The dehydration of lanthanum to neodymium and terbium to thulium and yttrium compounds occurs in a single step while for samarium, europium and gadolinium ones it occurs in three consecutives steps. Ytterbium and lutetium compounds were obtained in the anhydrous state. The thermal decomposition of the anhydrous compounds occurs in two consecutives steps, except lanthanum (five steps) and cerium (single step), with formation of the respective oxides CeO2, Pr6O1, Tb4O7 and Ln(2)O(3) (Ln= La, Nd to Lu and Y), as final residue. The results also provided information concerning the composition, thermal behavior, crystallinity and gaseous products evolved during the thermal decomposition. The theoretical and experimental spectroscopic data suggested the possible modes of coordination of the ligand with the lanthanides. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.