Thermochimica Acta, Vol.534, 9-16, 2012
Calorimetric studies on thermal decomposition of tri isoamyl phosphate-nitric acid systems
The thermal decomposition of tri isoamyl phosphate (TiAP), nitric acid-solvates namely, TiAP center dot 1,1HNO(3) and TiAP center dot 2,2HNO(3), solutions of TiAP in n-dodecane (n-DD) and in pentamethylheptane (PMH) with nitric acid were studied using an adiabatic calorimeter in air under closed and opened conditions employing heat-wait-search mode. Neat TiAP was found to be stable up to 535 K and decompose above this temperature. The acid-solvates were found to decompose exothermically at 384 and 365 K, respectively and caused high rise in temperature and pressure, producing non-condensable gasses such as N2O, CO2 and CO and a blackish residue. Decomposition enthalpies for TiAP center dot 1,1HNO(3) and TiAP center dot 2,2HNO(3) were derived and found to be -465.1 +/- 2.4 and -937.0 +/- 6.2 kJ mol(-1), respectively. Kinetic parameters have been derived wherever possible. Heat capacities of acid-solvates have been measured at constant pressure in the temperature range 305-340 K using heat flux type differential scanning calorimeter and are reported in this paper. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.