Powder Technology, Vol.259, 117-124, 2014
The effect of process control agents and ball to powder rations on the electrochemical characteristics of mechanically alloyed SnS2 anode materials
Four kinds of SnS2 powders were prepared using a new, simple and effective mechanical alloying (MA) process, where process control agents (PCAs) of inorganic ammonium chloride (AC) and organic stearic acid (SA), and ball-to-powder ratios (BPRs) of 20:1 and 25:1 were used to improve the alloying process to some extent. In order to disperse the agglomerated powder particles and obtain better size distribution, the wet-milling process was also conducted. Through physical and electrochemical measurements, the following information could be obtained: using AC as a PCA can not only shorten the milling time, but also provide a relatively good size distribution compared to SA. The cells made from as-prepared SnS2 using AC showed higher reversible capacities and better cycling performance than that of SA. Moreover, higher BPRs used in the MA process could introduce much greater amounts of defects into the powders, leading to faster charge/discharge capacity attenuation. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.