Powder Technology, Vol.254, 314-323, 2014
Influence of natural pozzolan, silica fume and limestone fine on strength, acid resistance and microstructure of mortar
Based on an ongoing experimental programme, this research focuses on the effect of various supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs) (natural pozzolan (NP)/silica fume (SF)/limestone fine (LF) at various substitution levels) on the microstructure and mechano-chemical resistance of blended mortar. The paper primarily considers the characteristics of these materials, including their strength and the effects of aggressive chemical environments, by using sulphuric acid and nitric acid. The porosity and pore size distribution of the mortars are also examined using mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP). The microstructural changes in pastes caused by SCMs and the add attack of the solution are analysed and related to the phase composition found by X-ray diffraction (XRD). Microstructural investigations, such as scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), were also used to support the explanation for these mechanisms. The results, according to ASTM C267, showed that the addition of natural pozzolan or limestone fine would improve the acid resistance of mortar, but at different rates depending on the proportion of SCMs. On the other hand, mortars with silica fume are severely damaged in the sulphuric acid environment. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.