화학공학소재연구정보센터
Powder Technology, Vol.235, 500-515, 2013
Swirling gas-solid flow through pneumatic conveying dryer
Numerical and experimental investigations of swirling pneumatic conveying dryer are performed. In the numerical study, the Eulerian-Lagrangian model is used to simulate the two-phases. The gas phase is simulated based on Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes equations (RANS) employing four turbulence models, namely: standard k-epsilon model, RNG-based k-epsilon model, extended k-epsilon model and low-Reynolds number k-epsilon model. Meanwhile 3-dimensional particle tracking procedure is used for the solid phase. The model takes into account the lift and drag forces and the effect of particle rotation as well as the particles dispersion by turbulence effect. The effects of inter-particles collisions and turbulence modulation by the solid particles, i.e. four-way coupling, are also included in the model. The experimental study is carried out on a pilot scale vertical pneumatic transport system. The swirl is imparted to the flow by axially rotating pipe of the same diameter as the drying pipe. Crushed limestone of different sizes is used to represent the solid phase. Measurements of pressure and temperature distributions along the dryer are performed at different inlet conditions. Comparisons between present model predictions and experimental results show a good agreement. The results indicate that the RNG-based k-epsilon model gives better results compared with other tested turbulence models. In addition, it is found that the pressure drop of swirling flow is higher than that of non-swirling one and the swirl enhances the drying process. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.