Polymer, Vol.55, No.6, 1527-1536, 2014
Characterization of the surface energies of functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes and their interfacial adhesion energies with various polymers
The surface energies of pristine multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and MWCNTs functionalized with carboxylic acid (MWCNT-COOH), acyl chloride and ethyl amine were characterized, and the effects of the changes in MWCNT surface energies on the interfacial adhesion and reinforcement of the composites were explored. When the surface energy of pristine MWCNTs was compared to that of functionalized MWCNTs, a decrease in the dispersive surface energy and an increase in the polar surface energy were observed. Interfacial adhesion energies between MWCNTs and various polymers were estimated from surface energy values of MWCNTs and various polymers. Among the MWCNTs, polyethylene, polystyrene and bisphenol-A polycarbonate (PC) had the highest interfacial energy with pristine MWCNTs, while nylon 6,6 and polyacrylamine exhibited the highest interfacial energy with MWCNT-COOH. When tensile properties and adhesion at the interface of PC and nylon 6,6 composites containing MWCNTs were examined, composites having high interfacial adhesion energy exhibited greater adhesion at the interface and reinforcement.(c) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Surface energies of functionalized MWCNTs;Drop-on-fiber;Interfacial adhesion energies with polymers