Materials Chemistry and Physics, Vol.143, No.2, 578-586, 2014
Influence of synthesis conditions on NO oxidation and NOx storage performances of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 perovskite-type catalyst in lean-burn atmospheres
Synthesis conditions of catalysts can significantly affect catalytic activities for a certain reaction. Here, a series of the La0.2Sr0.3MnO3 perovskite-type catalysts was prepared by the sol gel method under the different synthesis conditions. The faster calefactive velocities during calcination of the xerogel precursors would produce a lot of the impurities and cause the dropped amount of the excessive oxygen in perovskite, as well as the aggregated particles and the decreased surface areas; the higher calcination temperature would sinter the perovskite phases seriously; and the initial pH value of the precursor solution would greatly affect the morphology of the catalysts including the shape and the size, which directly linked to their NO, storage capacity. Moreover, our findings revealed that the NO oxidation ability was determined by the amount of the excessive oxygen species in the perovskite. Here, the optimum synthesis conditions were achieved with the calcination temperature of 700 C, the calefactive velocity of 2 degrees C min(-1), and the precursor solution of pH = 8. This catalyst presented the best performances for the NO oxidization and NO, storage, i.e. the NO-to-NO2 conversion of 70.2% and the NOx storage capacity of 170.4 mu mol @ 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Oxides;Sol-gel growth;Oxidation;X-ray diffraction topography;Electron microscopy;Differential thermal analysis