Journal of Power Sources, Vol.259, 92-97, 2014
Facile preparation and electrochemical properties of carbon coated Fe3O4 as anode material for lithium-ion batteries
Carbon coated Fe3O4 nanocomposite (Fe3O4/C) is synthesized via a simple sol gel route and a subsequent carbon CVD process, with Fe2O3 xerogel as intermediate product. The nanoporous Fe3O3 xerogel is reduced to Fe3O4 during the CVD process. The prepared Fe3O4/C composite presents a well-distributed nanostructure composing of Fe3O4 nanoparticles coated with carbon layer. The electrode exhibits a stable reversible capacity of over 850 mAh g(-1) at 0.1 A g(-1), excellent cycling performance and good rate capability. Both of the nano-scale particle size of Fe3O4 and the carbon layer contribute to the excellent electrochemical performance of Fe3O4/C. An increase in electrode capacity with cycling is observed for the prepared Fe3O4/C composite when cycled at 50 degrees C, which is similar to other reported transition metal oxides. The preparation process of Fe3O4/C composite is facile, mild and productive. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.