Journal of Power Sources, Vol.247, 749-755, 2014
Performance and stability of a liquid anode high-temperature metal-air battery
A High-Temperature Metal Air Battery (HTMAB) that operates based on a simple redox reaction between molten metal and atmospheric oxygen at 600-1000 degrees C is presented. This innovative HTMAB concept combines the technology of conventional metal-air batteries with that of solid oxide fuel cells to provide a high energy density system for many applications. Electrochemical reversibility is demonstrated with 95% coulomb efficiency. Cell sealing has been identified as a key issue in order to determine the end-of-charge voltage, enhance coulomb efficiency and ensure long term stability. In this work, molten Sn is selected as anode material. Low utilization of the stored material due to precipitation of the SnO2 on the electrochemically active area limits the expected capacity, which' should theoretically approach 903 mAh g(-1). Nevertheless, more than 1000 charge/discharge cycles are performed during more than 1000 h at 800 degrees C, showing highly promising results of stability, reversibility and cyclability. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.