Journal of Power Sources, Vol.226, 272-288, 2013
A review on the key issues for lithium-ion battery management in electric vehicles
Compared with other commonly used batteries, lithium-ion batteries are featured by high energy density, high power density, long service life and environmental friendliness and thus have found wide application in the area of consumer electronics. However, lithium-ion batteries for vehicles have high capacity and large serial-parallel numbers, which, coupled with such problems as safety, durability, uniformity and cost, imposes limitations on the wide application of lithium-ion batteries in the vehicle. The narrow area in which lithium-ion batteries operate with safety and reliability necessitates the effective control and management of battery management system. This present paper, through the analysis of literature and in combination with our practical experience, gives a brief introduction to the composition of the battery management system (BMS) and its key issues such as battery cell voltage measurement, battery states estimation, battery uniformity and equalization, battery fault diagnosis and so on, in the hope of providing some inspirations to the design and research of the battery management system. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Vehicle lithium-ion battery in electric vehicles;Battery management system;Cell voltage measurement;Battery states estimate;Battery uniformity and equalization;Battery fault diagnosis