화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, Vol.52, No.11, 1545-1554, 2014
Graphene Oxide-Induced Polymerization and Crystallization to Produce Highly Conductive Polyaniline/Graphene Oxide Composite
Graphene oxide (GO)-polyaniline (PANI) composite is synthesized by in situ polymerization of aniline in the presence of GO as oxidant, resulting in highly crystalline and conductive composite. Fourier transform infrared spectrum confirms aniline polymerization in the presence of GO without using conventional oxidants. Scanning electron microscopic images show the formation of PANI nanofibers attached to GO sheets. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns indicate the presence of highly crystalline PANI. The sharp peaks in XRD pattern suggest GO sheets not only play an important role in the polymerization of aniline but also in inducing highly crystalline phase of PANI in the final composite. Electrical conductivity of doped GO-PANI composite is 582.73 S m(-1), compared with 20.3 S m(-1) for GO-PANI obtained by ammonium persulfate assisted polymerization. The higher conductivity appears to be the result of higher crystallinity and/or chemical grafting of PANI to GO, which creates common conjugated paths between GO and PANI. (c) 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem. 2014, 52, 1545-1554