Journal of Loss Prevention in The Process Industries, Vol.19, No.2-3, 121-129, 2006
The nature and large eddy simulation of coherent deflagrations in a vented enclosure-atmosphere system
The nature of coherent deflagration phenomena in a vented enclosure-atmosphere system is analysed. The study is based on experimental observations of SOLVEX programme in the empty 547-m(3) vented enclosure and consequent analysis of the same test by large eddy simulations (LES). A comparison between simulated and experimental pressure transients and dynamics of flame front propagation inside and outside the enclosure gave an insight into the nature of the complex simultaneous interactions between flow, turbulence and combustion inside the enclosure and in the atmosphere. It is revealed through LES processing of experimental data that the substantial intensification of premixed combustion occurs only outside the empty SOLVEX enclosure and this leads to steep coherent pressure rise in both internal and external deflagrations. The external explosion does not affect burning rate inside the enclosure. There is only one ad hoc parameter in the LES model, which is used to account for unresolved subgrid scale increase of flame surface density outside the enclosure. The model allows reaching an excellent match between theory and experiment for coherent deflagrations in the empty SOLVEX facility. The mechanism of combustion intensification in the atmosphere is discussed and the quantitative estimation of the model ad hoc parameter is given. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.