Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, Vol.71, 103-111, 2014
Tie line data for the (water plus butyric acid plus n-butyl alcohol or amyl alcohol) at T = ( 298.2, 308.2, and 318.2) K and ( water plus butyric acid plus isoamyl alcohol) at T=298.2
In this study, solubility and tie-line data of the (water + butyric acid + n-butyl alcohol or amyl alcohol) ternary systems were determined at T = (298.2, 308.2, and 318.2) K and p = 101.3 kPa for the first time. Due to the structural similarity, the tie-line data for (water + butyric acid + isoamyl alcohol) system were also measured and correlated at T = 298.2 K. The ternary systems investigated display type-1 behaviour of LLE. The cloud point method was used to measure the solubility data and the Karl-Fischer, acidimetric titration, and refractive index methods were used to determine the tie-line data. For each system, the experimental tie-line data were correlated using the UNIQUAC and NRTL models. The Othmer-Tobias and Hand correlations equations were used to establish the quality of the LLE data. Experimental distribution coefficients and separation factors were evaluated over the immiscibility regions. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.