Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, Vol.60, 63-70, 2013
Ternary liquid-liquid equilibrium data for the (water plus butyric acid plus n-hexane or n-hexanol) systems at T = (298.2, 308.2, and 318.2) K
In this study, liquid-liquid equilibrium (LLE) values for the (water + butyric acid + n-hexane) and (water + butyric acid + n-hexanol) ternary systems were experimentally obtained at T = (298.2, 308.2, and 318.2) K and atmospheric pressure for the first time. The cloud point method was used to determine the solubility data. The concentration of each phase was determined by acidimetric titration, the Karl-Fischer technique, and refractive index measurements. Both the ternary systems exhibit type-1 behaviour of LLE. The experimental tie-line data were correlated using the UNIQUAC and NRTL models. The Othmer-Tobias and the Hand correlation equations were used to check the consistency of the obtained tie-line data for each system. Distribution coefficients and separation factors were calculated over the immiscibility regions. Finally, the Katritzky LSER multi-parameter equation was used to correlate the separation factors. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.