International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.39, No.22, 11738-11748, 2014
A new two-stage design of feedback controllers for a hydrogen gas reformer
In this paper we have first reviewed operations of a hydrogen gas reformer and provided its linearized mathematical model. Then, we have simplified an existing algorithm for a two-stage design of feedback controllers for linear continuous-time time-invariant systems. The proposed design significantly reduces the computational requirements and provides flexibility of designing different type of controllers for different dynamic parts of the system. Since the hydrogen gas reformer (also known as a fuel processing system) possesses slow and fast modes (state variables), the newly proposed design is further simplified and specialized for this class of systems. The obtained algorithm is efficiently applied with very high accuracy to the hydrogen gas reformer. As a matter of fact, the eigenvalue placement problem is solved for the reformer dynamics for both slow and fast modes. The design is so flexible that combined hybrid controllers (optimal, robust, set-point, eigenvalue assignment controllers or any other linear controller) can be designed independently for particular subsystems of the hydrogen gas reformer. The hybrid linear feedback controller design for the hydrogen gas reformer that optimizes its slow subsystem and assigns the desired eigenvalues to its fast subsystem is also presented in the paper. Copyright (C) 2014, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.