International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.39, No.10, 5105-5112, 2014
A novel low-pressure injection molding technique for fabricating anode supported solid oxide fuel cells
A low pressure injection molding (LPIM) technique is successfully developed to fabricate porous NiO-YSZ anode substrates for cone-shaped tubular anode-supported solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). The porosity and microstructure of the anode samples prepared with different amount of pore formers are investigated through the Archimedes method and SEM analysis. Experimental results show that with 15 wt.% paraffin as plasticizer, porosity of the NiO-YSZ substrates sintered at 1400 C is proportional to the amount of graphite as pore former, and proper porosities can be obtained with or without 5 wt.% graphite. NiO-YSZ/YSZ/LSM-YSZ single cells are assembled and tested to demonstrate the feasibility of the LPIM technique. At 800 C, with moist hydrogen (75 ml min(-1)) as fuel and ambient air as oxidant, the cell with the anode substrate fabricated with 5 wt.% pore former shows a maximum power density of 531 mW cm(-2), while the cell without any pore former, 491 mW cm-2. Two of the single cells (without graphite) are applied to assemble a two-cell-stack which gives an open circuit voltage of 1.75 V and a maximum output power of 5.32W, at operating temperature of 800 C. Copyright (c) 2014, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.