International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.39, No.3, 1288-1296, 2014
Different ratios of carbon sources in the fermentation of cheese whey and glucose as substrates for hydrogen and ethanol production in continuous reactors
The fermentation of glucose, cheese whey and the mixture of glucose and cheese whey were evaluated in this study from two inocula sources (sludge from a UASB reactor for swine wastewater treatment and poultry slaughterhouse) for hydrogen production in continuous anaerobic fluidized bed reactors (AFBR). For all fermentations, a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 6 h and a substrate concentration of 5 g COD L-1 were used. In glucose fermentation, the maximum hydrogen yield (HY) was 1.37 mmol H-2 g(-1) COD. The co-fermentation of the cheese whey and glucose mixture was favorable for the concomitant production of hydrogen and ethanol, with yields of up to 1.7 mmol H-2 g(-1) COD and 3.45 mol EtOH g(-1) COD in AFBR2. The utilization of cheese whey as a sole substrate resulted in an HY of 1.9 mmol H-2 g(-1) COD. Throughout the study, ethanol fermentation was evident. Copyright (C) 2013, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.