International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.38, No.31, 13541-13546, 2013
Photocatalytic hydrogen production over CuO and TiO2 nanoparticles mixture
Cheap and efficient photocatalysts were fabricated by simply mixing TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) and CuO NPs. The two NPs combined with each other to form TiO2/CuO mixture in an aqueous solution due to the opposite surface charge. The TiO2/CuO mixture exhibited photocatalytic hydrogen production rate of up to 8.23 mmol h(-1) g(-1) under Xe lamp irradiation when the weight ratio of P25 to CuO was optimized to 10. Although the conduction band edge position of CuO NPs is more positive than normal hydrogen electrode, the TiO2/ CuO mixture exhibited good photocatalytic hydrogen production performance because of the inter-particle charge transfer between the two NPs. The detailed mechanism of the photocatalytic hydrogen production is discussed. This mixing method does not require a complicated chemical process and allows mass production of the photocatalysts. Copyright (C) 2013, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.