International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.38, No.26, 11209-11221, 2013
A predictive model and mechanisms associated with hydrogen production via hydrothermal reactions of sulfide
Hydrogen generation and the concurrent formation of sulfur products from hydrothermal reactions of aqueous sulfide solutions at pH values between 9 and 13 and temperatures between 280 and 330 degrees C were studied. A hydrogen production model was developed by kinetic and statistical analysis of sulfide consumption rates and the ratio of hydrogen produced to sulfide consumed. Results showed that the amount of hydrogen generated in a given reaction may be predicted by a series of equations incorporating starting conditions such as the initial sulfide concentration, pH and temperature. The data from this study suggested that the overall hydrogen generation reaction mechanism consists of one or more elementary reactions which result in the formation of various sulfur products, such as polysulfides and sulfur oxyanions, depending on the reaction conditions. The possible specific sulfur compounds included pentasulfide (S-5(2-)), thiosulfate (S2O32-), trithionate (S3O62-) and sulfate (SO42-). The production rate constants of these products increased with temperature, but were independent of pH. Additionally, it was indicated that increasing the reaction temperature and/or pH resulted in the formation of sulfur products with higher oxidation numbers. This work suggests that the optimal mechanism for hydrogen generation via the sulfur redox cycle, taking into account the requirement for sulfide regeneration, is that which forms trithionate as the sole sulfur product. Copyright (C) 2013, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.