International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.38, No.24, 10012-10018, 2013
Effects of structure on the carbon dioxide methanation performance of Co-based catalysts
Mesoporous Co/KIT-6 and Co/meso-SiO2 catalysts were prepared via hydrogen reduction and were subsequently used in CO2 catalytic hydrogenation to produce methane. The properties of these catalysts were investigated via low-angle X-ray diffraction (XRD), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results indicate that the synthesized Co/KIT-6 and Co/meso-SiO2 catalysts have mesoporous structures with well-dispersed Co species, as well as high CO2 catalytic hydrogenation activities. The Co/KIT-6 catalyst has a large specific surface area (368.9 m(2) g(-1)) and a highly ordered bicontinuous mesoporous structure. This catalyst exhibits excellent CO2 catalytic hydrogenation activity and methane product selectivity, which are both higher than those of the Co/meso-SiO2 catalyst at high reaction temperatures. The CO2 conversion and methane selectivity of the Co/KIT-6 catalyst at 280 degrees C are 48.9% and 100%, respectively. The high dispersion of the Co species and the large specific surface area of the prepared Co-based catalysts contribute to the high catalytic activities. In addition, the highly ordered, bicontinuous, mesoporous structure of the Co/KIT-6 catalyst improves the selectivity for the methane product. Crown Copyright (C) 2013, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.