International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.36, No.14, 8570-8582, 2011
Exploratory studies of modeling approaches for hydrogen triple flames
A review of triple flame modeling is first presented, which demonstrates the need for additional work in this area. Building on previous methods described in the literature, a hybrid model that uses a weighted average of one-dimensional premixed and diffusion flamelet reaction rates has been proposed and evaluated for a hydrogen triple flame. Results indicated that some type of progress variable is needed for application of the diffusion flamelet contribution. Weighting the premixed flamelet reaction rate contribution at 100%, it is shown that peak temperatures between the model and a case employing detailed chemistry vary 7.5%, while heat release rate, flame speed, and mass fraction contours agree well. A second model, based on a library of reaction rates built from numerical studies which directly resolve the propagating triple flame has also been tested. Computational time for the baseline case is shown to be reduced by a factor of 3 1/2 in comparison to use of detailed chemistry. The role of scalar dissipation rate as a necessary independent variable to the library has also been investigated using simulations with variable mixing layer thicknesses. Overall, it is found that large changes in local mixture fraction gradient cause rather small changes in propagation speed and total heat release rate of the hydrogen triple flame. This implies that such a model may be useful for CFD simulations that do not employ spatial resolution capable of resolving the triple flame itself. Copyright (C) 2011, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.