International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.35, No.18, 9818-9827, 2010
An experimental and theoretical approach for the biogas steam reforming reaction
An experimental and theoretical study for the biogas steam reforming reaction over 5%Ru/Al(2)O(3) catalyst have been performed. An apparatus was constructed for the conduction of the experiments, the core of which was a tube reactor, filled with the catalyst in form of pellets. The inlet gas mixture consisted of CH(4) and CO(2) in various composition ratios as a model biogas and steam. A theoretical model of the process was developed. The experimental reactor was modelled as an isothermal pseudo homogeneous fixed bed reactor. Internal and external transport phenomena were neglected and appropriate effectiveness factors were employed instead. A physical properties model was used for the calculation of the physicochemical properties of the real mixture. Five reactant species, CH(4), CO(2), H(2)O, CO and H(2), were included in the model, whereas the feed consisted of the first three. Steam reforming and water gas shift were the main reactions. Experimental results and theoretical predictions match closely, stability of the catalyst was assured and an optimal operational window was identified, at GHSV = 10,000-20,000 h(-1), T = 700-800 degrees C, CH(4)/CO(2) = 1.0-1.5 and H(2)O/CH(4) = 3.0-5.0. (C) 2010 Professor T. Nejat Veziroglu. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.