International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.34, No.17, 7246-7252, 2009
Effect of La partial substitution for Zr on the Structural and electrochemical properties of Ti(0.17)Zr(0.08-x)La(x)V(0.35)Cr(0.1)Ni(0.3) (x=0-0.04) electrode alloys
In order to elucidate the effects of metallic La addition on the performance of Ti-V-based hydrogen storage alloys as negative electrodes for nickel/metal-hydrides batteries, Ti(0.17)Zr(0.08-x)La(x)V(0.35)Cr(0.1)Ni(0.3) (x = 0, 0.01, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04) alloys were prepared and their structural and electrochemical properties were systematically investigated. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) results showed that these alloys were mainly consisted of C14 Laves phase with a hexagonal structure, V-based solid solution phase with BCC structure and C15 Laves phase with a cubic structure. The electrochemical measurements indicated that the maximum discharge capacities of the alloy electrodes decreased from 337.3 mAh/g (x = 0) to 262.5 mAh/g (x = 0.04) and that the substitution of Zr with metallic La in the alloys had no obvious effect on the capacity retention rate (C(100)/C(max), C(200)/C(max)). The high-rate dischargeability (HRD) of the alloy electrodes at the discharge current density of 800 mA/g first increased from 69.01% (x = 0) to 71.13% (x = 0.01) and then decreased to 65.35% (x = 0.04). In brief, the HRD was improved with an optimum La content in the alloy (x = 0.01). The electrochemical hydrogen kinetics of the alloy electrodes was further studied by means of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, linear polarization, anodic polarization and potential-step measurements. The charge-transfer reaction resistance R(ct) decreased for x = 0.01 with respect to x = 0 and then increased with the increase of x, while exchange current density I(o), limiting current density I(L) and hydrogen diffusion coefficient D were all increased for x = 0.01 with respect to x = 0 and then decreased with the increase of x. The optimal content of La in Ti(0.17)Zr(0.08-x)La(x)V(0.35)Cr(0.1)Ni(0.3) alloys for negative electrodes in alkaline rechargeable secondary batteries is x = 0.01 in this study. (C) 2009 International Association for Hydrogen Energy. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.