화학공학소재연구정보센터
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.28, No.9, 1015-1018, 2003
Nanofilter for hydrogen purification
The application of polymeric membranes in combination with metallic films can be used for gas purification, in particular hydrogen (Int J Hydrogen Energy 27(2) (2002) 905), whose molecules are very small. The affinity of hydrogen to certain metals supports its flow, but restricts the permeation of other gases. However, the flow rate is very small in dense membranes. Attempts have been made to etch nuclear tracks created in polymeric foils, from both sides in a very controlled way such that conical etched pits meet at their vertices. This has been characterized by gas permeation measurements. The low density of 10(6)-10(8) tracks/cm(2) is generated by a 60 MeV carbon ion beam at the NSC Pelletron, New Delhi. The primary ion fluence of 10(10)/cm(2) was reduced by means of a gold absorber foil. The gas flow rate has shown a considerable improvement along with the selectivity of hydrogen over the carbon dioxide where the molecular sizes of 0.21 and 0.4 nm, respectively, are separable. (C) 2003 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd on behalf of the International Association for Hydrogen Energy.