Fluid Phase Equilibria, Vol.356, 246-255, 2013
Bulk and surface properties of the ternary mixtures of hydrocarbon and fluorocarbon surfactants
The values of the surface tension, density, viscosity, conductivity, pH and steady state fluorescence measurements were used for the determination of the surface and volumetric properties of the ternary mixtures composed of hydrocarbon (TX100, TX165) and fluorocarbon (FSN100, FSO100) surfactants. Using the surface tension data the composition of the mixed monolayer at the water air interface and the activity of a particular component of the mixtures at this interface were calculated. From the measurements and calculations it appeared that adsorption of the fluorocarbon surfactant is hindered in the same way by the mixture of Tritons as the critical micelle concentration. Using different methods for the CMC determination of the studied systems, there can be obtained somewhat different values, which probably results from the sensitivity of a given method to the size and structure of the micelles. It also proved that above the second, higher value of CMC quenching mechanism becomes less effective which indicates the formation of less compact micelles and a decrease in micellar hydrophobicity. The composition of the mixed monolayers is quite different from that in the bulk phase and the fluorocarbon surfactant is enriched in this mixed monolayer but its total maximal adsorption is lower in comparison to that in the absence of the TX100 and TX165 mixture. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.