Chemical Engineering Science, Vol.84, 303-314, 2012
Prediction of air bubble dispersion in a viscous fluid in a twin-screw continuous mixer using FEM simulations of dispersive mixing
Bubble break-up was studied during mixing of a viscous Newtonian fluid in a co-rotating twin screw continuous mixer using experimental observations and finite element method (FEM) simulation of dispersive mixing. Bubble break-up was greatest with two paddle element configurations that had no stagger and a reverse stagger respectively while a third configuration with a forward element stagger showed the least break-up. The decrease in bubble break-up was found to be due to the decrease in the elongation flow density and an increase in local forward flow in the forward angle stagger configuration. Maximum stable bubble diameters and effective shear rate for break-up calculated at different locations in the mixer using the fundamental capillary number theory for drop and bubble break-up correlated well with the measured local mean bubble sizes and the mean local shear rates calculated using FEM simulations of the flow. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Dispersive mixing;Bubble break-up;Viscous flow;Newtonian;3D finite element method simulation