Chemical Engineering Science, Vol.80, 232-241, 2012
Influence of NaCl on mineral carbonation of CO2 using cement material in aqueous solutions
The carbonation of cement materials in NaCl solution was evaluated at various NaCl concentrations (0-2.0 M). Leaching and carbonation tests were conducted on slurry-mixed ordinary Portland cement (OPC) with NaCl solutions at a solid to liquid ratio of 50 g/l in a Teflon reactor under ambient temperature and pressure conditions. After 24-h leaching, the pH of the slurry decreased with increasing NaCl concentration, whereas the Ca concentration slightly increased. The C-S-H content in the reacted samples after 24-h leaching increased in the presence of NaCl. After the carbonation tests, the CaCO3 content in the reacted samples increased by 7.5-18.4 wt%, hereas the C-S-H content decreased by 7.1-33.0 wt% in the NaCl solutions. The particle size of the precipitated CaCO3 appeared to be decreased as the NaCl concentration was increased to 1 M, but increased as the NaCl concentration was further increased to 2 M. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.