Bioresource Technology, Vol.165, 372-382, 2014
Induced catabolic bio-electrohydrolysis of complex food waste by regulating external resistance for enhancing acidogenic biohydrogen production
A novel bio-electrohydrolysis system (BEH) based on self-inducing electrogenic activity was designed as pretreatment device to enhance biohydrogen (H-2) production efficiency from food waste. Two-stage hybrid operation with hydrolysis in the initial stage and acidogenic fermentation of the resulting hydrolysate (after hydrolysis) for H2 production in the second stage was evaluated. Application of variable external resistances viz., 10 Omega, 100 Omega, 1000 Omega and closed circuit (CC) influenced the hydrolysis of substrate in BEH system and hydrogen production in acidogenic reactor compared to control. Pretreated substrate at 100 Omega documented higher H-2 production (1.05 l) than 10 Omega (0.93 l), CC (0.91 l), 1000 Omega (0.88 l) and control operation (0.68 l). Comparatively, 10 Omega documented higher substrate degradation (53.4%) followed by CC (52.42%), 100 Omega (49.51%), 1000 Omega (47.57%) and control (43.68%). Voltammetric profiles were in agreement with the observed bio-electrohydrolysis and H-2 production efficiency. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.