Bioresource Technology, Vol.163, 262-269, 2014
Catalytic upgrading of pyrolysis vapors from Jatropha wastes using alumina, zirconia and titania based catalysts
The objective of this study was to catalytically upgrade bio-oil from organic vapors of Jatropha wastes using Py-GC/MS. Catalytic testing included Al2O3, ZrO2, TiO2 (rutile, T-1) and TiO2 (anatase, T-2) supporter catalysts modified with transition metals (Pd, Ru or Ni) by impregnation method. In non-catalytic runs, the main vapor products were fatty acids (60.74%). With the presence of Al2O3 based catalysts, carboxylic acids were obviously reduced to 0.76-19.61% while hydrocarbons were the main products (42.00-64.06%). Comparing among four supporters, total hydrocarbon yields increased with presence of all catalysts. Higher yields were obtained by T-2 > Al2O3 > CA > NiCA > RuCA catalysts. Al2O3 and T-2 supports were the most effective for increased hydrocarbons while decreased oxygenated compounds (15%) which is one of the primary aims of this study. The result indicating that high surface area resulted in better catalytic activity but also adversely promoted N-compounds. Therefore these catalysts can be applied to improve properties of pyrolytic products. (c) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.