Bioresource Technology, Vol.146, 537-542, 2013
Use of low frequency and density ultrasound to stimulate partial nitrification and simultaneous nitrification and denitrification
Low frequency and density ultrasound has attracted considerable attention in enhancing wastewater treatment performance, particularly in the removal of nitrogen. In the present study, two sequencing batch reactors were operated to confirm the effects of ultrasound at the frequency of 40 kHz and density of 0.027 W/mL on partial nitrification and simultaneous nitrification and denitrification (SND). At the optimal irradiation time of 2.0 h, the obtained nitrite accumulation ratio and SND efficiency at full aerobic were 73.9% and 72.8%, respectively. Nitrite accumulation was the result of increased NH4+-N removal and improved ammonia oxidizing bacteria (ADS) activity with simultaneous inhibition of nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB) activity. Ultrasonic treatment could provide suitable conditions in temperature and pH for AOB growth, and destroy the NOB community structure. Moreover, organic matters were released and offered an additional carbon source for denitrification apart from the negative effects on sludge properties. (c) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.