Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, Vol.117, No.1, 19-24, 2014
Enhanced oxidative activities of cytochrome P450Rhf from Rhodococcus sp expressed using the hyper-inducible expression system
Bacterial cytochrome P450 enzymes catalyze the oxidative biotransformation of various types of compounds. Although the functional expression of Actinomycetes P450 in a closely related heterologous host can serve as a useful biocatalyst in whole-cell biotransformation assays, the co-expression of an electron transfer partner is required. To overcome this limitation, P450Rhf from Rhodococcus sp. NCIMB 9784 is an ideal candidate, because it is fused to a reductase domain at the C terminus and does not require an electron transfer partner. Here, we cloned P450Rhf into the hyper-inducible expression vector pSH19 in Streptomyces lividans TK24 for developing an efficient whole-cell biotransformation system with bacterial P450. The recombinant strain displayed high conversion activity (79.1%) of 7-ethoxycoumarin to 7-hydroxycoumarin after 48 h, and the observed activity was markedly higher than those for 7-methoxycoumarin and 7-propoxycoumarin used as substrates. We next screened several commercially available substrates possessing an ethyl phenyl ether moiety, which is also present in 7-ethoxycoumarin, and found that 4'-ethoxy-2'-hydroxyacetphenone was almost completely dealkylated (95.0%), and that 7-ethoxy-4-methylcoumarin was converted to two products, 7-hydroxy-4-methylcoumarin and 7-ethoxy-4-hydroxymethyl-coumarin. Our research suggests that enhancement of heterologous P450 expression using the pSH19 system in whole-cell biotransformation assays is valuable for identifying novel substrates of P450, as well as for obtaining high yields of conversion products. (C) 2013, The Society for Biotechnology, Japan. All rights reserved.