Inorganic Chemistry, Vol.53, No.3, 1679-1689, 2014
Red-Emitting [Ru(bpy)(2)(N-N)](2+) Photosensitizers: Emission from a Ruthenium(II) to 2,2'-Bipyridine (MLCT)-M-3 State in the Presence of Neutral Ancillary "Super Donor" Ligands
The synthesis and characterization of a novel family of [Ru-II(bpy)(2)(N-N)](PF6)(2) (bpy = 2,2'-bypyridine) complexes are reported, where N-N = pyridine/pyrimidine/pyrazine functionalized in different positions with the electron-donating bicyclic hexahydropyrimidopyrimidine (hpp) unit. A series of bidentate ligands 1a-5a were synthesized in good to high yields (55-96%). The corresponding complexes 1b, 2b, and 5b were prepared in n-butanol, while complexes 3b and 4b were prepared in a mixture of n-butanol and water (1/1, v/v) in modest to good yields (23-76%). Both ligand and complex structures were fully characterized by a variety of techniques, including X-ray crystallography. In cyclic voltammetric studies, all the complexes exhibit a Ru-III/II couple, which is similar to 500 mV less positive than the Ru-III/II couple in Ru(bpy)(3)(2+). The (MLCT)-M-1 and (MLCT)-M-3 states of all of the complexes (530-560 nm/732-745 nm) are shifted bathochromically in comparison to those of Ru(bpy)(3)(2+) (450 nm/620 nm). These values are in good agreement with DFT and TD-DFT calculations.