Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.448, No.1, 83-88, 2014
Enhanced prostacyclin formation and Wnt signaling in sclerostin deficient osteocytes and bone
We show that prostacyclin production is increased in bone and osteocytes from sclerostin (Sost) knockout mice which have greatly increased bone mass. The addition of prostacyclin or a prostacyclin analog to bone forming osteoblasts enhances differentiation and matrix mineralization of osteoblasts. The increase in prostacyclin synthesis is linked to increases in beta-catenin concentrations and activity as shown by enhanced binding of lymphoid enhancer factor, Lef1 to promoter elements within the prostacyclin synthase promoter. Blockade of Wnt signaling reduces prostacyclin production in osteocytes. Increased prostacyclin production by osteocytes from sclerostin deficient mice could potentially contribute to the increased bone formation seen in this condition. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.