Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.447, No.3, 479-484, 2014
Overexpression of miR172 suppresses the brassinosteroid signaling defects of bak1 in Arabidopsis
BRI1-Associated Receptor Kinase 1 (BAK1) is a leucine-rich repeat serine/threonine receptor-like kinase (LRR-RLK) that is involved in multiple developmental pathways, such as brassinosteroid (BR) signaling, plant immunity and cell death control in plants. Because the roundish and compact rosette leaves of bak1 mutant plants are characteristic phenotypes for deficient BR signaling, we screened genetic suppressors of bak1 according to changes in leaf shape to identify new components that may be involved in BAK1-mediated BR signaling using the activation-tagging method. Here, we report bak1-SUP1, which exhibited longer and narrower rosette leaves and an increased BR sensitivity compared with those of bold. Analyses of the T-DNA insertional site and the gene expression that was affected by the T-DNA insertion revealed that a microRNA, namely, miR172, over-accumulates in bak1-SUP1. Detailed phenotypic analyses of bak1-SUP1 and a single mutant in which the bakl mutation was segregated out (miR172-D) revealed that the overexpression of miR172 promotes leaf length elongation in adult plants and increases the root and hypocotyl growth during the seedling stage compared with that of wild type plants. Taken together with its increased BR sensitivity, these results suggest that miR172 regulates vegetative growth patterns by modulating BR sensitivity as well as by the previously identified developmental phase transition. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.