화학공학소재연구정보센터
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.443, No.1, 301-307, 2014
Bovine alpha-2-HS-glycoprotein functions as a booster antigen for efficiently stimulating humoral immune responses to CCR5 and SIVmac239 envelope glycoprotein
The presence of anti-CCR5 and anti-HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein (ENV) gp41 antibodies (Abs) at sites of HIV-1 exposure was effective in preventing its transmission to HIV-1-exposed seronegative (ESN) subjects. Here, we design an immunogen that can induce Abs against CCR5 and SIVmac239 ENV simultaneously and show that bovine alpha-2-HS-glycoprotein (bAHSG) functions as a booster antigen for efficiently stimulating humoral immune responses to CCR5 and ENV. Initially, we generated a rhesus CCR5-derived cyclopeptide (cDDR5) conjugated with a recombinant trimeric SIVmac239 Env. When inguinally administered to rhesus macaques, the immunogen simultaneously induced both anti-CCR5 and anti-ENV Abs in sera, and the purified serum IgG fraction exerted an inhibitory effect on SIVmac239 infection in vitro. When further boosted with bAHSG, the responses of both Abs were significantly enhanced. To examine the cross-reactivity of bAHSG, it was administered to na ve cynomolgus macaques. The results showed a statistically significant increase in IgG response against cynomolgus CCR5 and SIVmac239 ENV, and the induction of neutralizing activity against SIVmac239. These findings suggest that bAHSG is useful for immune strategies aimed at generating Abs against CCR5 and ENV simultaneously to confer HIV-protective immunity. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.