Applied Energy, Vol.115, 531-539, 2014
Kinetics and modeling of hydrogen iodide decomposition for a bench-scale sulfur-iodine cycle
In this work, the decomposition of hydrogen iodide (HI) over platinum catalyst in a frame work of the development of a bench-scale Sulfur-Iodine (S-I) cycle is studied. The catalyst Pt/gamma-alumina 1.0 wt% is prepared by impregnation-calcination method. The experiments of HI decomposition over the as-prepared catalyst are conducted at the temperature range of 350-550 degrees C and at the atmospheric pressure. The experimental data are then used to estimate new kinetic parameters for HI decomposition on the basis of Langmuir-Hinshelwood type where the surface reaction is considered as the rate-limiting step. The kinetics with the estimated parameters shows a reasonable agreement with the experimental data. It also reflects the fact that, HI conversion is significantly decreased with a small amount of iodine present in the feeding solution. Thereafter, the kinetic model is applied to the modeling of a HI decomposer for the hydrogen production rate of 1 Nm(3)/h in which hot helium gas is used to provide heat for the decomposition. Effects of heat-exchanger reactor configuration and composition of the feeding solution on the reactor size and the heat consumed are examined using the proposed model. Calculation results show that heat consumed for the co-current configuration is less than that for the counter-current configuration of the reactor. I-2 impurity and high water content in the feeding solution also result in an increase of reactor size and the heat required. (C) 2013 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Keywords:Sulfur-Iodine (S-I) cycle;Hydrogen iodide decomposition;Catalyst;Surface reaction;Langmuir-Hinshelwood model;Modeling